Facts about Italy



301,318 sq km


60.6 million

Capital City:

Rome (Population: 2.72 million)


Mostly Italian, with small populations of German, French and Slovene Italians in the north, and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south.




83% Roman Catholic





Main Cities
Rome (Roma) is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city. Rome's history spans two and a half thousand years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, which was the dominant power in Western Europe and the lands bordering the Mediterranean for over seven hundred years. The city is one of Europe's and the world's most successful city "brands", both in terms of reputation and assets.
Milan (Milano) is the second-largest city in Italy, it is recognized as a world fashion and design capital, with a major influence in commerce, industry, music, sport, literature, art and media. Milan, for its pivotal economic role and its fervent political and cultural activity that often anticipates national trends; it is often nicknamed as the "moral capital of Italy".
Venice (Venezia) is a city in northern Italy which is renowned for the beauty of its setting, its architecture and its artworks. The Republic of Venice was a major maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain and spice trade).
Italian Culture and Traditions
From antiquity until the 16th century, Italy was at the center of Western culture; with Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity in 312, Rome became the open and official seat of the Catholic Church, and Italy has had a profound effect on the development of Christianity and of Western concepts of faith and morality ever since. The European Renaissance began in Italy and was fueled throughout Europe by Italian painting, sculpture, architecture, science, literature, and music; the foundations of European civil institutions, philosophy, law, art, science, or social customs and culture can be found there again.
Public holidays in Italy are : Christmas, New year, Easter, Liberation day 25th April, Anniversary of the republic 2nd June, Ferragosto Assumption of the Virgin and etc. Italian folklore is very rich and it is a mixture of old pagan celebrations and Christian traditions e.g. the Italian Ceppo-it is a Yule log burned in the fireplace or a pyramid shaped structure made of wood; on 6th Jan comes la Beffana- a witch, who brings sweets for good kids and carbon for the bad ones; very popular are all kinds of magic, witchcrafts, spells, healing and so on.
Famous people
  • Marco Polo; Columbus - Explorers.
  • Galileo Galilei - Astronomer.
  • Leonardo da Vinci; Botticelli; Michelangelo - Painters.
  • Dante - Poet.
  • Vivaldi; Puccini - Composers.
  • Valentino, Armani - Fashion Designers.
Italian cuisine
The main characteristics of Italian cuisine is its extreme simplicity, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Italian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. The tomato, perhaps the most stereotypical ingredient found in Italian cuisine.
Pizza - is an oven-baked, flat, disc-shaped bread typically topped with a tomato sauce, cheese and various toppings.
Spaghetti - is made of flour and water, made in thin solid strings, topped with sauce.
Espresso - the typical Italian espresso coffee is served in small shots; it is very strong and often comes with a glass of water.


Basic words in Italian





Good morning

Buon giorno

Good afternoon

Buon giorno

Good evening

Buona sera

Good night

Buona notte



Thank you



Scusa / scusi

How are you?

Come stai?

I am well, thank you

Sto bene, grazie